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In fact, in Latin, September means seventh month, October means eighth month, November means ninth month, and December means tenth month.
Use of numbers, rather than names, of months was especially prevalent in Quaker records.
Even now the Chinese and Islamic calendars are based on the motion of the moon around the earth, rather than the motion of the earth in relation to the sun, and the Jewish calendar links years to the cycle of the sun and months to the cycle of the moon. C., Julius Caesar ordered a calendar consisting of twelve months based on a solar year.
Because the year began in March, records referring to the "first month" pertain to March; to the second month pertain to April, etc., so that "the 19th of the 12th month" would be February 19.
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Today, Americans are used to a calendar with a "year" based the earth's rotation around the sun, with "months" having no relationship to the cycles of the moon and New Years Day falling on January 1.
However, that system was not adopted in England and its colonies until 1752.
Watch the rise of human cities, beginning with [arguably] the world’s first city in 3700 BC and continuing up to the present.